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The languages of the Jews in antiquity

In Antiquity, many warlike episodes resulted in the deportation or exodus of Jews from Palestine. The best known are the exile in Babylon and the 1st century diaspora after the destruction of the second temple by the Romans. But there were also, from the 3rd century BC, voluntary emigrations in the Mediterranean basin, in particular in the Punic world, in the Greek world and in the empire of Rome. From the 1st century, many tribes converted to Judaism, particularly in North Africa, the Arabian Peninsula, and Ethiopia. In this presentation, we will try to understand the linguistic practices of these expatriate or converted Jews, in particular the link they established and maintained with biblical Hebrew.

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